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Monday, November 16, 2020 | History

1 edition of Economic instruments for nitrogen control in European agriculture found in the catalog.

Economic instruments for nitrogen control in European agriculture

Economic instruments for nitrogen control in European agriculture

workshop Reggio Emilia, 2 and 3 April 1998


  • 139 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published by CRPA in Reggio Emilia .
Written in English

  • Nitrogen in agriculture -- Economic aspects.,
  • Nitrates -- Environmental aspects.

  • Edition Notes

    Cover title: Proceedings of workshop economic instruments ...

    Other titlesProceedings of workshop economic instruments for nitrogen control in European agriculture (Nitrotax).
    Statementeditors Luigi Gazzola, Kees de Roest.
    ContributionsGazzola, Luigi., Roest, Keest de., Centro Ricerche Produzioni Animali.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination104p. ;
    Number of Pages104
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22452445M

    The European Nitrogen Assessment: Demonstrating the urgent need for an integrated approach to managing nitrogen that includes the agriculture, transport, waste, consumption and energy sectors, this landmark volume provides a comprehensive economic analysis of adverse impacts of nitrogen and presents an approach that needs to be adopted Format: Hardcover. COVID’s economic fallout will long outlive the health crisis, report warns. Global markets and spirits are up with the news that two COVID vaccines have shown to be more than 90% effective in late-stage clinical trials. But while there is growing confidence that an end to the health pandemic is in sight, a new report warns that a viable. Nitrogen (N) is the most limiting element for plant growth in many ecosystems, despite being the most plentiful element in the earth's atmosphere. In its most abundant form, gaseous dinitrogen (N2), N is unavailable to most organisms. However, following transformation to other forms, especially nitrate (NO3–) and ammonium (NH4+), N becomes highly reactive in the biosphere and can be highly. With one metric ton of carbon offsets now trading for about $30 on the European Climate Exchange, he thinks a 50% reduction in nitrogen-fertilizer use could generate $30 billion to $40 billion per.

    According to a report on Nitrogen Pollution and the European Environment (Science for Environment Policy - September ), it is important to consider Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) in agriculture for the following reasons: Agriculture is a significant source of nitrogen pollution. There are major inefficiencies in agriculture’s use of nitrogen.

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Economic instruments for nitrogen control in European agriculture Download PDF EPUB FB2

Economic tools aiming at nitrogen use reduction by the European agro-system Pierre-Alain Jayeta, Maxime Olliera aEconomie publique, AgroParisTech, INRA, Université Paris-Saclay,Thiverval-Grignon, France. Abstract Mineral fertilizers are often used by agriculture, all around Europe.

Europe, and especially the European Union (EU), has many governmental policy measures aimed at decreasing unwanted reactive nitrogen (N_r) emissions from combustion, agriculture and urban wastes.

Linking an economic model for European agriculture with a mechanistic model to estimate nitrogen and carbon losses from arable soils in Europe A. Leip1, G. Marchi1, R. Koeble1,*, M. Kempen2, W. Britz 2,1, and C. Li3 1European Commission – DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra, Italy.

The objective of this chapter is to investigate economic incentives associated with changes in nitrogen regulation, including the distribution between farm types and geographically.

The analysis is carried out on a partial equilibrium simulation model of the Danish agricultural sector— by: 1. DOI: /ijeab/ Keyword: Nitrogen fertilizers, non-point source pollution, environmental regulation, nitrogen taxation.

Abstract: Nitrogen fertilizers is an essential input into modern agriculture, however the use of large amounts of this mineral fertilizers caused in the last three decades enormous environmental impacts such as eutrophication of waters and soils, loss of Cited by: 1.

The conversion of agricultural lands to treatment wetlands focused on nitrate reduction is termed nitrogen (N) farming. (D.H. Hey, Nitrogen farming: harvesting a different crop.

Restoration Ecology,10 (1), 1–11). A demonstration project is indicated. for food safety and quality are imposed to control food scares (Knowles et al., ). Sustainability is based on the principle that we meet the needs of the present without compromising the needs of the future.

Sustainable agriculture combines three main objec-tives: economic profitability, environmental health and ethical soundness. The reformed Common Agricultural Policy considers environmental protection to be an essential part of agricultural and rural development, and one of its primary concerns is the design of adequate policy instruments to integrate environmental issues into European agricultural policies.

Intensive citrus farming, alongside inadequate nitrogen. Production and Use of Nitrogen in German Agricultural, Biomedical and Ecological Research -A Historical Review- Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies: Vol.

32, No. 1, pp. In contemporary political debates it is often argued that the development of a green economy, with high levels of environmental protection, and the promotion of low-emission production chains, Economic instruments for nitrogen control in European agriculture book an efficient pathway to sustainable economic growth (CarterThe Commission on Nature and Agriculture ).In line with this it is argued that environmental protection and pollution.

The European Nitrogen Assessment has been prepared through coordinated action led by the Nitrogen in Europe (NinE) Research Networking Programme of the European Science Foundation, the NitroEurope Integrated Project supported by European Commission’s 6th Framework Programme and the COST Action The Assessment is a con.

- Europe, and especially the European Union (EU), has many governmental policy ¿ measures aimed at decreasing unwanted reactivenitrogen (N r) emissions from combustion, agriculture and urban wastes. Many of these policy measures have an ¿eff ects-basedapproach¿, and focus on single N r compounds, single sectors and either on air or waters.¿.

Nitrogen is the most yield-restraining nutrient in crop production globally. Efficient nitrogen management is one of the most important factor for improving nitrogen use efficiency, field crops productivity and profitability. Efficient use of nitrogen for crop production is therefore very important for increasing grain yield, maximizing economic return and minimizing nitrous oxide (N2O.

Nitrogen in modern European agriculture II. Die gründer Jahre (–) This German subtitle is entirely appropriate as Crookes’s fears were rather promptly allayed and the foundations of modern agricultural productivity and prosperity were laid down thanks to the perseverance, dedication and innovation of German chemists.

A method of integrated economic and environmental modelling of agricultural production effects in Denmark is presented in this paper. The method combines a partial-equilibrium sector model for Danish agriculture; farm account statistics; a GIS-based procedure for spatial disaggregation of the agricultural production structure; a procedure for calculating farm economic output, and a nitrate.

There is a consensus within the scientific community that nitrogenous fertilizers are almost indispensable in today’s agriculture. However, the geometric increase in nitrogenous fertilizer applications and the associated environmental concerns call for focus on more sustainable alternatives.

Biological dinitrogen (N2) fixation (BNF) is one of the most sustainable approaches to meeting crop. Nitrogen (N) is an essential element for plants and animals. Due to large inputs of mineral fertilizer, crop yields and livestock production in Europe have increased markedly over the last century.

Agriculture is the biggest user of nitrogen in the world (EU Nitrogen Expert Panel, ), and in particular runoff from agricultural land has been identified as the predominant source of the nitrogen discharges to the aquatic environment over the last two decades (EC, ; see also EEA, a), affecting nitrogen levels in.

In this review, we present the recent developments and future prospects of improving nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in crops using various complementary approaches. These include conventional breeding and molecular genetics, in addition to alternative farming techniques based on no-till continuous cover cropping cultures and/or organic nitrogen (N) nutrition.

nitrogen efficiency in agriculture Vast quantities of reactive nitrogen are used in agriculture to generate food. However, most of it is never converted into food, but is instead wasted due to a low nitrogen use efficiency. By improving efficiency in agriculture, various co-benefits may be achieved, including economic.

Yet agricultural nitrogen use is expected to remain the leading cause of nitrogen release to the environment, as options to red uce emis-sions are limited. Th us, major changes will occur only if the extent of agricultural production changes, which may possibly be triggered by decreasing population numbers in Europe.

"This book is the most comprehensive global synthesis on the nitrogen cycle in agriculture conducted to date. It especially addresses the critical need to understand and hence improve the management of nitrogen fertilizer to maintain crop production while reducing external consequences of fertilizer use.

A whole-farm model was used to investigate the interacting effects of precision agriculture technology and agro-environmental policy on the production choices of a representative grain farm.

Although some precision agriculture technologies did increase efficiency of resource use, they also decreased the effectiveness of policy, especially policies that rely on economic incentives (e.g.

How to read the graph: between andtotal nitrogen input on agricultural land in Germany decreased from about 5 to about 4 million tonnes Nitrogen input on agricultural land in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries — European.

United Nations This book presents the key debates that took place during the high-level segment of the Economic and Social Council, at which ECOSOC organized its first biennial Development. above. Extensifi cation of agricultural production in Europe in parallel with an increased European demand for bioenergy may thus increase the pressure on land resources elsewhere in the world.

Fertilizer nitrogen inputs also aff ect the level of soil. The European Union is faced with major environmental problems related to nitrogen (N) compounds. The origins of three such problems, the atmospheric deposition of N compounds, the leaching of nitrates to ground-water and the anthropogenic N-input to the North Sea, are investigated by means of a Substance Flow Analysis (SFA); the reference year is Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, EIB, Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators,describes trends in economic, structural, resource, and environmental indicators in the agriculture sector.

The indicators covered in this report provide assessments of important ch. Biography Mark Sutton is an environmental physicist investigating human alteration of the nitrogen cycle, with specific attention to ammonia. He is coordinator of the major integrated project 'NitroEurope', a 5-year effort, bringing together 64 research institutes to ask how nitrogen is affecting the European greenhouse gas balance.

Conversely, in countries in which too little nitrogen fertilizer is used, the price should go down, e.g. by introducing a nitrogen subsidy, or by other policy instruments and adjustments. van Grinsven H J M, Bouwman L, Cassman K G, van Es H M, McCrackin M L and Beusen A H W Losses of ammonia and nitrate from agriculture and their effect on nitrogen recovery in the european union and the united states between and J.

Environ. Qual. 44 – Crossref Google Scholar. The relative contributions to profit of fixed and applied nitrogen in a crop‑livestock farm system, Agricultural Systems 26(1), 1‑ Journal web page ♦ IDEAS page. Pannell, D.J. Flat-earth economics: The far-reaching consequences of flat payoff functions in economic decision making, Review of Agricultural Economics 28(4), the annual cost of damage caused by nitrogen across Europe is £60 - £ billion (€70 billion), more than double the extra income gained from using nitrogen fertilizers in European agriculture.

Professor Bob Watson, Chief Scientific Advisor to the UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), welcomed the report.

Agricultural economics Keywords: Reactive nitrogen, nitrogen management, fertilizer, water quality, greenhouse gas, economic incentives, conservation policy, regulation, Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), USDA, United States Department of Agriculture, ERS, Economic Research Service, ERR Created Date: 9/20/ PM.

UNDERSTANDING NITROGEN AND ITS USE IN AGRICULTURE European Fertilizer Manufacturers Association European Fertilizer Manufacturers' Association Avenue E. van Nieuwenhuyse 4 B Brussels Belgium Tel + 32 2 35 50 Fax + 32 2 39 61 E. Downloadable (with restrictions). Increasing use of nitrogen fertilizer in U.S.

agriculture has led to nitrate contamination of water resources. The main objective of the study is to determine if the current use of nitrogen exceeds the profit-maximizing level, since reducing such discrepancy, if any, could raise farmers' profitability and enhance water quality making it a win-win situation.

Downloadable. A multiyear regional risk programming model was used in evaluating the impacts of different environmental policies on cropping systems, input use, nonpoint source pollution, farm income and risk.

A direct expected utility maximizing problem (DEMP) objective with a Von Neuman Morgenstern utility function was used in deriving optimal cropping systems.

Economic impacts of pesticide regulations are assessed using five alternative methodologies. The regulations include crop supply-enhancing eradication programs and crop supply-decreasing pesticide bans.

Alternative assessment methodologies differ regarding assumptions about market price and crop acreage adjustments.

Results show that market and producer adjustments substantially impact. New research tools and advanced management concepts are presented from a holistic perspective that emphasizes the complexity of the nitrogen cycle. Nitrogen in Agricultural Systems provides an extensive review of the principles and management implications related to nitrogen in the soil-plant-water system.

More than thirty leading experts address nitrogen in the context of environmental 5/5(1). practices, the reduction in the amount of nitrogen added to soils and the financial and economic crisis. Regulatory instruments not specifically focused on climate change also had an indirect influence on this decreasing trend (Eurostat, ).

Countries with larger agricultural economies generally have higher levels of GHGE, although. A seminar focusing on the use of Nitrogen (15N) in agricultural research has taken place at the Agricultural Research Institute of Panama (IDIAP) from 12 to 16 Junefocusing on explaining the main applications of isotope 15N in agrarian research to enhance rice crop yields.Biogas is the mixture of gases produced by the breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen (anaerobically), primarily consisting of methane and carbon dioxide.

Biogas can be produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure, municipal waste, plant material, sewage, green waste or food is a renewable energy source. In India, it is also known as "Gobar Gas".Nitrogen use and food production in European regions from a global perspective - Volume Supplement - H.

J. M. VAN GRINSVEN, J. H. J. SPIERTZ, H. J. WESTHOEK, A. F. BOUWMAN, J. W. ERISMAN Please note, due to scheduled maintenance online transactions will not be possible between - GMT, on Thursday 21st March ( EDT,